Class: Wake Forest School of Medicine
Patient Care: Michael Zhang / Getty Images
Headshot: Naomi Nkinsi
VBAC Calculator: WebMD
eGFR: National Kidney Foundation
Pulse Oximeter: Grace Cary / Getty Images
Spirometer: microgen / Getty Images
Sarita Warrier, MD, interim associate dean for medical education, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI.
Joel Bervell, student at Washington State University’s Elson S. Floyd College of Medicine.
Naomi T Nkinsi, medical student at the University of Washington School of Medicine; master’s student at the University of Washington School of Public Health, in Seattle.
Fatuma-Ayaan Rinderknecht, medical student at University of California San Francisco.
Robin Collin, DO, internist and pediatrician in Durham, NC.
Terrie Mendelson, MD, director of graduate medical education at Dignity Health, St. Mary’s Medical Center, San Francisco; associate professor of Medicine at University of California San Francisco.
Shirley Smith, director of student diversity and enrichment at University of South Florida, Tampa.
The Journal of Perinatal Education: “Alarming Racial Differences in Maternal Mortality.”
Frontiers in Medicine: “Trends of Racial/Ethnic Differences in Emergency Department Care Outcomes Among Adults in the United States From 2005 to 2016.”
Kaiser Family Foundation: “The Undefeated Survey on Race and Health.”
NPR: “The NFL Will Stop Assuming Racial Differences When Assessing Brain Injuries.”
Consumer Reports: “Taking Race Out of an Equation for Childbirth.”
STAT: “Changing the equation: Researchers remove race from a calculator for childbirth.”
American Journal of Managed Care: “Flawed Racial Assumptions in eGFR Have Care Implications in CKD.”
The New England Journal of Medicine: “Racial Bias in Pulse Oximetry Measurement.”